Alutiiq NPA, supra Note 6; Press release, U.S. Dep`t of Justice, Government Contractor Resolves Charges on Fraud on General Services Administration Contract to Modernize State Department Building (June 10, 2020), www.justice.gov/opa/pr/government-contractor-resolves-charges-relating-fraud-general-services-administration (`Alutiiq`).  U.S. Dep`t of Justice press release, Outcome Health agrees to pay $70 million to investigate fraud (October 30, 2019), www.justice.gov/opa/pr/outcome-health-agrees-pay-70-million-resolve-fraud-investigation [`ContextMedia Press Release`].  Press release, U.S. Dep`t of Justice, Ericsson agrees to pay more than $1 billion to resolve the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (December 6, 2019), www.justice.gov/usao-sdny/pr/ericsson-agrees-pay-more-1-billion-resolve-foreign-corrupt-practices-act-case [`Ericsson Press release`]; Ericsson Egypt Ltd. Guilty Plea (November 26, 2019).  PNAs and DPAs are two types of voluntary pre-procedure agreements between a company and the government, most often the DOJs. These are standard methods of settling investigations into corporate misconduct and are intended to avoid the serious consequences, both direct and guaranteed, of a conviction of a company, its shareholders and its employees. Although NPVs and data protection authorities differ procedurally – unlike an ANPA, A CCA is formally filed with a court, as well as loading documents – both usually require an admission of misconduct, payment of fines and penalties, cooperation with the government during the period of the agreement and corrective measures, such as improving a compliance program and sometimes collaborating with a monitor, the government reports. Although NPAs and data authorities are used by several agencies, we have started tracking NPAs and corporate data protection authorities since Gibson Dunn in 2000, but we have identified approximately 532 agreements initiated by the DOJ and 10 by the U.S.
Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).  Memorandum by Brian A. Benczkowski, Assistant Attorney General, to All Criminal Division Personnel, Evaluating a Business Organization`s Inability to Pay a Criminal Fine or Criminal Monetary Penalty (Oct. 8, 2019), www.justice.gov/opa/speech/file/1207576/download.  U.S. Dep`t of Justice press release, Standard Chartered Bank acknowledges illegally processing transactions in violation of Iranian sanctions and agrees to pay more than $1 billion (April 9, 2019), www.justice.gov/opa/pr/standard-chartered-bank-admits-illegally-processing-transactions-violation-iranian-sanctions [`SCB press release`]. The judgment, which approved the Dpa, also revealed that Tesco accepted a limited waiver of privileges for relevant materials. The inclusion of the privilege ban in the most recent data protection authorities suggests that the willingness to consider waiving privileges may be an important consideration for the SFO when it comes to reaching an agreement. In the judgment, the limited waiver of the prerogative was evidence of cooperation between Tesco, in addition to the company`s agreement not to conduct employee investigations, the voluntary disclosure of relevant documents, the provision of email accounts of former employees without filtering content for privileged or post-disclosed items, and the facilitation of obtaining evidence.  In addition, the judgment cited substantial changes in Tesco`s governance structure as a factor in the adoption of the CCA.  In addition, the judgment highlighted a number of “tangible corrective measures,” including the simplification of report lines, the reintroduction of an external alert service, an increase in compliance personnel, a new code of conduct, the implementation of costly technology services to support the compliance program and the introduction of a new business purchasing model that has reduced the focus on back-margina, the type of commercial revenue that SFO would have falsely excipated from Tesco.  In addition to knowledge of Tesco`s changes in direction and cooperation, the judgment also found that this was the