Another potential obstacle is the obvious lack of urgency, determination, political will and political commitment to the very implementation of simpler goals of the peace agreement. Admittedly, this is just over two months after the signing of the agreement, however, considering that the transition period of 12 May 2019 is prescribed to pave the way for the RTGoNU, many outstanding activities to pursue the objectives set out in the R-ARCSS 2018 implementation matrix could have been completed by that date. the release of prisoners of war and political prisoners; the creation of the Joint Defence Commission (JDB); The re-establishment of the Joint Military Ceasefire Commission (JMCC); withdrawal and secession of forces by the parties; The implementation by parties to the Joint Committee for Security security in transition (JSTC); drafting the constitutional revision by the National Constitutional Review Committee (NCAC) to enshrine the R-ARCSS in the Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan (TCRSS); Creating a fund to implement shares during the transit period; the re-establishment by the National Committee for the Review of Security and Defence (SDSR) and the Commission for Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (GDR), the establishment of an implementation roadmap and a budget for political tasks during the transition period; and the tasks of IGAD, including the appointment of the JMEC President, the approval of the mandate of the Joint Monitoring and Reconstituted Evaluation Commission (JMCS), the re-establishment of the NCAC and the establishment of the Independent Borders Commission and the Technical Boundaries Commission.6 At this rate, there are legitimate concerns that the 36-month transition period under the TNUGo presidency may be too short to complete. genuine institutional reforms. stabilize the country and hold democratic elections. With all the reservations we have, we will sign this document [ARCSS] … Some of the features of the document are not in the interest of a just and lasting peace. We had only one of the two options, the option of an imposed peace or the option of an ongoing war. Fighting also took place near the presidential palace and other parts of Juba. Ajak Bullen, a doctor at a military hospital, said that “so far, seven soldiers have died while waiting for medical treatment and 59 others have been killed outside.” The International Crisis Group (ICG) also reported that Machar`s house was bombed and “surrounded, even with tanks,” while “parts of Juba were reduced to ashes.”  Local radio Station Tamazuj stated that UNMISS was not on the streets in Juba and that the President of the UN Security Council had announced in December 2013 that peacekeeping forces would not intervene in the fighting.
 On 18 December, a semblance of calm returned to Juba.  The UN reported that 13,000 people have fled the fighting in the two towns of Juba.   Violence in Juba is reported to have subsided, although there have been unconfirmed reports of several students being killed by security guards at Juba University on 18 December.